Sabtu, 25 Desember 2010

7 most deadly disease

Every person has cancer cells in the body. These cancer cells do not appear in the standard tests until they have multiplied to a few billion. When doctors tell cancer patients that there are no more cancer cells in their bodies after treatment, it means the tests are unable to detect the cancer cells because cancer cells have not reached the amount that can be predicted.
Tobacco became the biggest trigger of increased cancer risk, especially in developing countries, like China and India. Both countries are 40 percent of the population are smokers. In Indonesia the threat caused by smoking are also very large because of the increasing number of people smoking and the number of cigarette manufacturers in this country. The number of smokers in Indonesia is ranked first in the ASEAN region, namely 46.16 percent of the estimated total number of smokers in this area in 2007 as many as 125, 8 million people.
World Health Organization (WHO) states that the diagnosis of cancer worldwide is expected to find 12 million people this year. Medium cancer deaths globally will reach seven juta.Tren this disease will increase two-fold and more deadly in 2030.kemungkinan 75 million people will inhabit this world.
Each year cases and deaths from cancer increased by one percent. This figure will rise more sharply, especially in the State of China, Russia and India. This means that cancer cases would be like 'mushrooms in the rainy season' to reach 27 million patients in 2030, with a mortality rate of 17 million people.
Cancer is the second leading cause of adult deaths in the Western hemisphere, and is one of the main causes of child deaths from the disease between the ages of 1 to 14 years. Nevertheless, the disease is rare attack young people. In Great Britain, to attack cancer approximately 1 of between 650 children.
The rate of mortality according to age per 100,000 population of all male cancer patients was 246.5 in Hungary (among the highest), while in Mexico the rate is only reached 83.5 (one of the lowest). For women, its speed is 139.8 in Denmark and 62.3 in Mauritius. The rate for England and Wales was 179.2 for males and 125.7 for women; in the United States, the rate was 164.4 for males and 110.6 for women. For certain forms of cancer, the rate differences between countries can reach 40-fold. Studies of populations that migrate from one geographic region to another to show that this difference is as a result of differences in lifestyle, and not because of ethnic factors. This is consistent with other findings showing that most cancer is primarily associated with the causes that originated from the environment and not due to hereditary factors, although both can interact with each other.
Cancer causes the most casualties in Europe and the United States is a cancer of the lung, large intestine (colorectal), breast, prostate, and stomach. When combined, half of the total number of cancer deaths caused by this type of cancer. They at once, together with skin cancer, is the most common type of cancer that attacks humans. Skin cancer is a cancer of the first or second most common in many Western countries like the United States, Australia, and Great Britain. Fortunately, skin cancer, except for malignant melanoma (the most rare species but the most severe), are rarely fatal.
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the term for a series of disorders that attack the heart and blood pembukuh, including coronary heart disease (CHD), cerebrovascular disease, hypertension (high blood pressure), and peripheral vascular disease (PVD).
Definition of CVD also regarding other diseases such as rheumatic heart disease (heart damage due to arthritis) and congenital heart disease (cardiac structure damage at birth). CVD-related conditions such as heart attack (MI), angina and stroke.
In coronary artery disease CHD in which supply blood to the heart narrowed and some cases of blocked blood flow.
This causes the blood can not be channeled properly to the heart muscles. If oxygen can not be channeled properly to the heart muscles, the heart will become weak and unable to provide blood to all parts of the body, consequently the person will die.
An estimated 17 million people die every year due to CVD. One death occurred due to CVD every two seconds, one person dies every five seconds of a heart attack. Of the 17.5 million deaths from CVD that occurred in 2005, about 7.6 million of which occurred due to coronary heart disease and 5.7 million due to stroke.
Of the approximately 10 million people worldwide who survive a stroke each year, more than 5 million of whom suffered permanent disability so that the burden on families and society. Global deaths due to CVD is estimated to reach about 25 million by 2020.
World Health Organization (WHO) and specialized agencies of the United Nations to combat AIDS (UNAIDS), reported the estimated number of people living with HIV / AIDS worldwide in 1990 was 7.8 million and at the end of December 2007 reached 33.2 million, of which 90% originating from developing countries. Estimated number of deaths caused by HIV / AIDS reached 2.1 million people, of which 76% occur in Sub Saharan Africa which is the leading cause of death in the region. While the number of new infections of HIV / AIDS is 2.5 million and 68% occurred in sub-Saharan Africa.
Asian continent has indicated the highest HIV infection rate in the world, while Africa is experiencing the expansion of the adverse effects of HIV / AIDS in various sectors of development (Beni, 2004). We have the highest HIV prevalence in Southeast Asia region with epidemic trends that vary in each country. Trends epidemic in Cambodia, Myanmar and Thailand show a decline, while in Indonesia and Vietnam have even more increased. Overall, the estimated number of people living with HIV / AIDS at the end of 2007 in Asia was 4.9 million people, including 440,000 people who are new cases and reached 300,000 people died of AIDS
Now the world is estimated at more than 40 million people living with HIV / AIDS. About 75% of those infected with HIV / AIDS in the Asia Pacific and Africa. More than 20 million people have died from AIDS. The amount is not a small amount. On World AIDS Day December 1, 2003, WHO and UNAIDS has given warning. Both organizations world's gave warning to the 3 countries in Asia which is currently being touted at the point of HIV infection. Could even say the three countries are in a serious position. Based on WHO and UNAIDS reports that the three countries are China, India, and Indonesia. Moreover, the three countries have large populations in the world.
Understandable if a lot of people worried about the disease diabetes. Because the disease has become the largest cause of death in the world's number five. WHO report, the number of deaths from the disease worldwide is 3.2 million people per year. That means, every minute, 6 people died from diabetes.
Diabetes mellitus is a condition when the body can not control blood sugar levels (glucose), which is normally 60-120 mg / dl. Glucose is the result of absorption of food by the body, which later became a source of energy. But, in people with diabetes, glucose levels continued to increase resulting in congestion.
Why is not controlled glucose regulation? The reason, because of an interruption in the pancreas gland. In the pancreas there are special small cells called beta cells also known as 'islands of Langerhans', which produce the hormone insulin. The hormone is the key regulator of glucose delivery to the entire body.
Diabetes mellitus (DM) or familiarly called in particular type 2 diabetes is not hereditary factor is now not only affect adults, but also children and adolescents. Ironically again, diabetes in children is difficult to detect, so it can not be prevented early on.
The high number of people with diabetes mellitus (DM) in Indonesia due to the Indonesian people eating too many carbohydrates.
TB (Tuberculosis)
Tuberculosis is caused by bacteria called mycobacterium tuberculosis. The symptoms of TB include coughing, chest pain, shortness of breath, loss of appetite, weight loss, fever, chills, and fatigue. The object of TB usually children and the weak immune system tubuhnya.Transmisi tuberculosis bacteria usually through inhalation, such as transmission of TB patients with sputum, and through the skin. Some of the diagnosis of TB cases among tuberculin skin test, identification of bacteria in the sputum (phlegm), and lung X-rays.
Micobacterium tuberculosis (TB) has infected a third of the world's population, according to the WHO about 8 million people worldwide were attacked TB with 3 million deaths per year (WHO, 1993). In developing countries these deaths account for 25% of deaths that could have held disease prevention. An estimated 95% of TB sufferers are in developing countries With the advent of HIV / AIDS epidemic in the world will increase the number of TB patients. Female mortality due to TB are more than the deaths due to pregnancy, childbirth and childbirth (WHO). WHO declared a global emergency for TB disease in 1993 due to a third of the world's population is estimated to have been infected with TB germs.
Vector Borne
Diseases caused by mosquitoes and flies (vector borne), namely malaria, has killed more than 1.2 million people, mostly in African children under 5 years. Then DHF (Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever) became the fastest growing diseases in the world,
The number of deaths from dengue fever in Indonesia has more than 400 people and spread in almost all provinces. While more than 28,000 people affected by the disease. So stated a spokesman for the Ministry of Health, Mariani Reksoprojo. The government provided 50 billion rupiah fund to tackle the disease. Dengue fever occur in every rainy season
Irrigation systems and poor sanitation, water supply, housing conditions and handling of waste, deforestation and loss of biodiversity, the main trigger.
Hepatitis A virus
Hepatitis A virus mainly spreads through feces. The spread is due to the poor level of cleanliness. In developing countries often an outbreak that spread occurs through food and water.
Hepatitis B virus
Transmission is not as easy as viral hepatitis A. Hepatitis B virus is transmitted through blood or blood products. Transmission usually occurs among drug users who use needles together, or between sexual partners (both heterosexual and homosexual men).
Pregnant women who are infected by hepatitis B can transmit the virus to their babies during childbirth. Hepatitis B can be transmitted by healthy people who carry the hepatitis B virus In the Far East region and Africa, several cases of hepatitis B develop chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis and liver cancer.
Hepatitis C virus
Causing at least 80% of cases of hepatitis due to blood transfusion. Hepatitis C virus is most commonly transmitted through drug users who use needles together. Rarely occur through sexual transmission. For reasons that are unclear, patients with "alcoholic liver disease" often suffer from hepatitis C.
Hepatitis D Virus
Only occurs as a co-infection of hepatitis B virus and hepatitis D virus causes hepatitis B infection becomes more severe. Who are at high risk against these viruses are drug addicts.
Hepatitis E virus
Hepatitis E virus outbreak that resemble sometimes cause hepatitis A, which only occurs in underdeveloped countries.
Hepatitis G virus
A new type of viral hepatitis that has been detected recently.


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